Young adults aging out of foster care and those who have recently aged out are among the most marginalized groups in this country. They experience countless hardships when they transition from foster care to adulthood on their own. With the unprecedented additional challenges of dealing with COVID19, these young people are among those bearing the heaviest burden of this pandemic. In response to the COVID19 crisis, the Field Center launched an online survey study to assess how older youth in foster care and those who recently aged out of foster care are faring with COVID19 in the key areas of basic needs, education, employment, finances, personal connections, and health/mental health. By gaining a clearer picture of these burdens, stakeholders will be better able to advocate for the needs of these young people. The study provides practitioners, policymakers and advocates with much-needed data and makes recommendations for a national response to COVID19 as it affects older youth in foster care and those aged out of foster care.
To view a one-page brief from this study, click here.
To view the full report, click here.
To view the March 2020 guide “Responding to COVID 19: How You Can Support Older Youth in Pennsylvania who are Experiencing Homelessness or Have Experience in Foster Care,” click here.
The short video below highlights our major findings and recommendations.
Youth in foster care and those who have aged out of foster care are uniquely vulnerable to experience adverse outcomes related to the COVID-19 pandemic. In response to the widespread need reported by this population, Think of Us, a nonprofit, systems-change firm focused on transforming child welfare and dedicated to leveraging the lived experience of people with foster care experiences, launched the Micro-Cash Grant Project. Think of Us is currently disbursing $550,000 in micro-grants, which range between $500 and $1000 to current and former foster youth (age 14 to 29) who spent at least one day in foster care after their 14th birthday. Due to the extraordinary response in Round 1 of the initiative, with 27,000 applications received, The Field Center is providing pro bono support and mentorship around analysis and interpretation of the data received through the application process. Through their partnership with the Field Center, Think of Us will be uniquely positioned to advocate for how best to direct public and private resources for youth in and aged out of foster care.
Research tells us that 70% of foster youth aspire to go to college, yet they attend at less than half the rate of their peers, and most who do attend do not make it past their first year. As every year of education mitigates poor outcomes, reducing the likelihood of involvement in the criminal justice system, substance abuse, and teen pregnancy, the Field Center strives to make higher education more accessible and successful for youth leaving the foster care system. Building on the success of the Field Center’s 2013 colloquium, Foster Care to College: Strategies for Success, the Field Center is engaging in a menu of FC2C activities, including convening a work group of community and statewide stakeholders, conducting research, and advocating for legislative and policy change, both on local and national levels.
The Field Center is currently supporting numerous colleges and universities across the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in the development and operation of campus-based support programs for foster youth. These schools currently have or have committed to enhance programming providing financial, academic, and other types of supports to help former foster youth succeed in college. A list of Campus-Based Support Programs is available in the 2019 Campus Programming Directory for Foster Youth.
To be added to the mailing list to receive the Foster Care to College Newsletter and stay informed about issues related to foster youth and higher education across Pennsylvania, email firstname.lastname@example.org.
Click here to view Foster Care to College event and training videos.
Click here to view the Foster Care to College Resource Library.
The majority of foster youth want to go to college. However, in Texas, only 3.5% of youth who have experienced foster care achieve any post-secondary credential by the age of 24. Fortunately, there is a state-wide movement to develop support services on college campuses for students who have experienced foster care. In 2015, Texas demonstrated a commitment to this effort by passing legislation requiring all public colleges and universities to appoint a liaison to assist foster care alumni (FCA) on their campuses. Additionally, several campuses have created more comprehensive campus support programs offering a broad array of services. Texas policies and programs have garnered national attention. However, these efforts have not been evaluated at the state level. For example, in Texas we do not know if colleges and universities have complied with the legislation to appoint a liaison, whether liaisons have any training or experience working with FCA, and what, if any, services they provide. For the small number of campuses that have developed broader campus support programs, it is unclear how those programs are funded, what they offer, and whether they have fidelity to existing conceptual frameworks for supporting FCA in higher education. Finally, we do not have rigorous evaluation data on whether these types of initiatives have improved academic outcomes, to what degree, and which practices are most/least effective. The Field Center is collaborating with researchers from Texas State University, North Carolina Central University, Northeastern State University, and the Texas Alliance for Child and Family Services to conduct a study to address these issues.
Each year, between 1,500 and 2,000 children in the United States are killed by their caretakers. Many of the children who died come from families that had prior contact with the child welfare system, providing an opportunity for intervention before it is too late. The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania has seen a recent increase in statewide fatalities and near-fatalities due to child abuse and neglect. In cases of fatalities or near-fatalities, Act 33 mandates reviews and recommendations provided to the Pennsylvania Department of Human Services. The Field Center is currently conducting statewide research to illuminate patterns, risk factors, and protective factors related to Pennsylvania Act 33 cases. The Field Center and state agencies will utilize the findings from this study to make specific recommendations to inform statewide policy and practice to prevent child fatalities. The study may also provide other states with a framework on how to examine and address child fatalities in a local context.
The Penn Futures Project, an ambitious initiative led by three professional schools at the University of Pennsylvania, aims to collaboratively address pressing social issues that affect Philadelphia’s most vulnerable young people and their families. For this project, Faculty representing the University of Pennsylvania’s schools of Nursing, Education, Social Policy and Practice, Law, Medicine and Arts and Sciences are working to develop a university-community partnership model for a certificate program in child and family advocacy. This initiative specifically addresses critical issues facing children and families in the United States and the fragmented service system designed to provide for their care.
The future of graduate education in child well-being requires specialized advanced degrees that are defined by interprofessional training and education. Currently, professionals who serve children and families train largely in isolation from one another, and no universities have programs in which faculty involved in the health, welfare, and educational worlds of children intersect at the level of graduate training. This innovative graduate cross-professional training certificate program in child welfare and child advocacy will improve interdisciplinary education at Penn and child advocacy work in Philadelphia and nationally. Students who complete this certificate will have gained the skills, knowledge, ability, and confidence to break down system silos to achieve child safety, permanency and well-being. Disrupting the current existing silos in graduate education will result in a workforce able to integrate knowledge across disciplines and improve services for children, families, and communities, with the ultimate goals of ending child abuse and neglect and improving outcomes for families.
Click here to learn more about Penn Futures.
Project PENN offers a unique court-based information and referral program for families awaiting dependency (child abuse and neglect) proceedings at Philadelphia Family Court. Underwritten through the Nancy Glickenhaus Family Court Program, Project PENN provides a learning opportunity for Field Center graduate student interns while connecting families with critical community-based services.
Arising from a 2005 Field Center research study that examined the experiences of families awaiting dependency proceedings in Philadelphia Family Court, Project PENN seeks to take advantage of the “teachable moment” while families are present at the courthouse. The realization that the majority of families were experiencing a long wait before seeing a judge, with little privacy, limited knowledge of the court process, and lack of information on social service programs, prompted the Field Center to develop this innovative program. With the full support of the court’s administrative judge, Project PENN opened its doors in 2009.
Through Project PENN, families meet individually, in a private office with graduate students who assist them in identifying concrete resources in the community to address the needs that frequently cause stress and disruption in families and place children at risk for harm. Families receive access to a comprehensive resource directory (developed and updated regularly by Field Center student interns), web-based resources, and clear and understandable brochures on topics such as housing, employment, food, clothing and healthcare. By helping families identify and prioritize their needs and increasing their knowledge of and access to community resources, Project PENN both teaches problem-solving skills and supports families in problem solving. Project PENN staff provides information and makes referrals for families, accessing both the phone and internet, from their office located in the large waiting room at the Philadelphia Family Court.
Data is tracked on program utilization and is incorporated in the court’s annual report.